The 310-mile Irish border between Northern Ireland and the Republic was once marked by barbed wire, with watchtowers brandishing machine guns. Today, it has been replaced by a wide highway on which cars have been found between north and south. There are 208 public crossings at the border, and it is almost impossible to say where one country ends and the other begins. A border investigation would not be a good idea, because „it would be defeated,“ says Varadkar In different contexts, but perhaps especially that of a variant of Brexit that caused acute discord, the call for a poll could become a legal obligation. Towing on foot appears to be a rejection of one of the main pillars of the agreement. At this point, however, it can be widely acknowledged that before the vote, it took several years to attempt to resolve some of the above issues before it was implemented.  These proposals are very different from a previous proposal I co-drafted in 2018 (see #6 – The Irish Border: Passing Brexit`s Acid Test of Sovereignty). We have come to the conclusion that the British Government, given that the level of border facilities could indeed be very low and that the Irish people, together with the GFA, have officially transferred the rulers of Northern Ireland to the British State, should abandon the backstop, assert its right to impose all border facilities it deems necessary and, on that basis, negotiate a solution to the border problem with the Republic. Although we recognized at the time that British sovereignty in Ireland was still politically weak and that we personally preferred a united Ireland, there had been little public debate about the possibility of reunification. What is essential is that I did not recognize how I would have recognized that, while leaving formal jurisdiction in the United Kingdom, the ACA also constituted a long-standing deficit of British political authority in the six counties and so affected the position of the British government that it was almost impossible for Britain to act independently in Northern Ireland without the agreement of the Government of the Republic. This made it clear to me that strengthening the sovereignty of the British people means establishing their legal sovereignty right down to their true territorial borders, by ending the Union with Northern Ireland for a long time. The current legal situation was created under the Northern Ireland Act 1998, with UK legislation supporting the Good Friday Agreement. Referendums are now held within a framework defined in the Anglo-Irish Agreement, part of the specific agreement between the two governments, in which it was recognized that each referendum would be held simultaneously in both legal orders, that both governments would legislate to allow referendums and work towards the implementation of the result of a referendum.
The referendum in Northern Ireland was a priority and what Republicans called a „unionist veto.“ A LucidTalk poll of 1,334 northern Ireland residents conducted between October and November 2018 won the majority (60%) for Northern Ireland, which will remain in the UK if the UK remains an EU member state, an equal division (48% if the UK left the EU on terms negotiated between the UK government and the EU) and majority support (55%) northern Ireland, which unites with the Republic of Ireland if the UK leaves the EU under a non-agreement scenario.  It is unlikely that the Minister of Foreign Affairs would call a poll at this time if he was not required to do so. The British government traditionally regards an inquiry as a distraction from the pressing issues of the Government and society in Northern Ireland, which could affect the proper functioning of the executive, and was in any case an obvious conclusion because there was clearly no majority in favour of change.